Montana History: Bozeman
I-90 north of Yellowstone
National Park surrounded by
mountains, Bozeman is home
to Montana State University and
is a technology hotspot in the state.
Born in Pickens County, Georgia, in 1835, John Bozeman left his wife and three children in 1858 to seek gold in the West. Unable to make a go of it in Colorado, Bozeman left Colorado in 1862 and came to Montana. Realizing that he could do better by mining the miners, Bozeman and John Jacobs in 1863 blazed the Bozeman Trail, a cutoff route from the popular Oregon Trail, and went into business guiding miners to Virginia City through the Gallatin Valley.
Bozeman decided to settle in the
fertile Gallatin Valley, and in 1864, Bozeman, along with partners Daniel
Rouse and William Beall, platted the town which would bear his name.
Passing directly through the Gallatin Valley, the Bozeman Trail was used
by travelers until 1868, at which point it was closed because of the
Indian Wars. But the Trail had served its purpose as it attracted
emigrants to the Gallatin Valley.
John Bozeman is buried in Sunset Hills Cemetery.
To learn more about Bozeman and
Gallatin Valley history, visit the
Gallatin Historical Society and Pioneer Museum in downtown
Montana History Net is produced by Bruce Gourley. Photographs, except Clark signature, copyright Bruce Gourley.