Montana Constitution Home
Departments and Institutions
Section 1. Agriculture. (1) The
legislature shall provide for a Department of Agriculture and enact
laws and provide appropriations to protect, enhance, and develop all
(2) Special levies may be made on livestock and on agricultural
commodities for disease control and indemnification, predator
control, and livestock and commodity inspection, protection,
research, and promotion. Revenue derived shall be used solely for
the purposes of the levies.
Section 2. Labor. (1) The legislature
shall provide for a Department of Labor and Industry, headed by a
Commissioner appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate.
(2) A maximum period of 8 hours is a regular day's work in all
industries and employment except agriculture and stock raising. The
legislature may change this maximum period to promote the general
Section 3. Institutions and assistance.
(1) The state shall establish and support institutions and
facilities as the public good may require, including homes which may
be necessary and desirable for the care of veterans.
(2) Persons committed to any such institutions shall retain all
rights except those necessarily suspended as a condition of
commitment. Suspended rights are restored upon termination of the
(3) The legislature may provide such economic assistance and social
and rehabilitative services for those who, by reason of age,
infirmities, or misfortune are determined by the legislature to be
(4) The legislature may set eligibility criteria for programs and
services, as well as for the duration and level of benefits and
Section 4. Montana tobacco settlement
trust fund. (1) The legislature shall dedicate not less than
two-fifths of any tobacco settlement proceeds received on or after
January 1, 2001, to a trust fund, nine-tenths of the interest and
income of which may be appropriated. One-tenth of the interest and
income derived from the trust fund on or after January 1, 2001,
shall be deposited in the trust fund. The principal of the trust
fund and one-tenth of the interest and income deposited in the trust
fund shall remain forever inviolate unless appropriated by a vote of
two-thirds of the members of each house of the legislature.
(2) Appropriations of the interest, income, or principal from the
trust fund shall be used only for tobacco disease prevention
programs and state programs providing benefits, services, or
coverage that are related to the health care needs of the people of
Montana and may not be used for other purposes.
(3) Appropriations of the interest, income, or principal from the
trust fund shall not be used to replace state or federal money used
to fund tobacco disease prevention programs and state programs that
existed on December 31, 1999, providing benefits, services, or
coverage of the health care needs of the people of Montana.
History: En. Sec. 1, Const. Amend. No. 35, approved Nov. 7, 2000.
– General Provisions