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Section 1. Constitutional convention.
The legislature, by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of all the
members, whether one or more bodies, may at any time submit to the
qualified electors the question of whether there shall be an
unlimited convention to revise, alter, or amend this constitution.
Section 2. Initiative for constitutional
convention. (1) The people may by initiative petition direct the
secretary of state to submit to the qualified electors the question
of whether there shall be an unlimited convention to revise, alter,
or amend this constitution. The petition shall be signed by at least
ten percent of the qualified electors of the state. That number
shall include at least ten percent of the qualified electors in each
of two-fifths of the legislative districts.
(2) The secretary of state shall certify the filing of the petition
in his office and cause the question to be submitted at the next
Section 3. Periodic submission. If
the question of holding a convention is not otherwise submitted
during any period of 20 years, it shall be submitted as provided by
law at the general election in the twentieth year following the last
Section 4. Call of convention. If a
majority of those voting on the question answer in the affirmative,
the legislature shall provide for the calling thereof at its next
session. The number of delegates to the convention shall be the same
as that of the larger body of the legislature. The qualifications of
delegates shall be the same as the highest qualifications required
for election to the legislature. The legislature shall determine
whether the delegates may be nominated on a partisan or a
non-partisan basis. They shall be elected at the same places and in
the same districts as are the members of the legislative body
determining the number of delegates.
Section 5. Convention expenses. The
legislature shall, in the act calling the convention, designate the
day, hour, and place of its meeting, and fix and provide for the pay
of its members and officers and the necessary expenses of the
Section 6. Oath, vacancies. Before
proceeding, the delegates shall take the oath provided in this
constitution. Vacancies occurring shall be filled in the manner
provided for filling vacancies in the legislature if not otherwise
provided by law.
Section 7. Convention duties. The
convention shall meet after the election of the delegates and
prepare such revisions, alterations, or amendments to the
constitution as may be deemed necessary. They shall be submitted to
the qualified electors for ratification or rejection as a whole or
in separate articles or amendments as determined by the convention
at an election appointed by the convention for that purpose not less
than two months after adjournment. Unless so submitted and approved
by a majority of the electors voting thereon, no such revision,
alteration, or amendment shall take effect.
Section 8. Amendment by legislative
referendum. Amendments to this constitution may be proposed by
any member of the legislature. If adopted by an affirmative roll
call vote of two-thirds of all the members thereof, whether one or
more bodies, the proposed amendment shall be submitted to the
qualified electors at the next general election. If approved by a
majority of the electors voting thereon, the amendment shall become
a part of this constitution on the first day of July after
certification of the election returns unless the amendment provides
Section 9. Amendment by initiative.
(1) The people may also propose constitutional amendments by
initiative. Petitions including the full text of the proposed
amendment shall be signed by at least ten percent of the qualified
electors of the state. That number shall include at least ten
percent of the qualified electors in each of at least one-half of
(2) The petitions shall be filed with the secretary of state. If the
petitions are found to have been signed by the required number of
electors, the secretary of state shall cause the amendment to be
published as provided by law twice each month for two months
previous to the next regular state-wide election.
(3) At that election, the proposed amendment shall be submitted to
the qualified electors for approval or rejection. If approved by a
majority voting thereon, it shall become a part of the constitution
effective the first day of July following its approval, unless the
amendment provides otherwise.
History: Amd. Const. Amend. No. 37, approved Nov. 5, 2002.
Section 10. Petition signers. The
number of qualified electors required for the filing of any petition
provided for in this Article shall be determined by the number of
votes cast for the office of governor in the preceding general
Section 11. Submission. If more than
one amendment is submitted at the same election, each shall be so
prepared and distinguished that it can be voted upon separately.
Done in open convention at the city of
Helena, in the state of Montana, this twenty-second day of March, in
the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventy-two.
Leo Graybill, Jr., President; Jean M.
Bowman, Secretary; Magnus Aasheim; John H. Anderson, Jr.; Oscar L.
Anderson; Harold Arbanas; Franklin Arness; Cedor B. Aronow; William
H. Artz; Thomas M. Ask; Betty Babcock; Lloyd Barnard; Grace C.
Bates; Don E. Belcher; Ben E. Berg, Jr.; E. M. Berthelson; Chet
Blaylock; Virginia H. Blend; Geoffrey L. Brazier; Bruce M. Brown;
Daphne Bugbee; William A. Burkhardt; Marjorie Cain; Bob Campbell;
Jerome J. Cate; Richard J. Champoux; Lyman W. Choate; Max Conover;
C. Louise Cross; Wade J. Dahood; Carl M. Davis; Douglas Delaney;
Maurice Driscoll; Dave Drum; Dorothy Eck; Marian S. Erdmann; Leslie
Eskildsen; Mark Etchart; James R. Felt; Donald R. Foster; Noel D.
Furlong; J. C. Garlington; E. S. Gysler; Otto T. Habedank; Rod
Hanson; R. S. Hanson; Gene Harbaugh; Paul K. Harlow; George Harper;
Daniel W. Harrington; George B. Heliker; David L. Holland; Arnold W.
Jacobsen; George H. James; Torrey B. Johnson; Thomas F. Joyce; A. W.
Kamhoot; Robert Lee Kelleher; John H. Leuthold; Jerome T. Loendorf;
Peter "Pete" Lorello; Joseph H. McCarvel; Russell C. McDonough; Mike
McKeon; Charles B. McNeil; Charles H. Mahoney; Rachell K. Mansfield;
Fred J. Martin; J. Mason Melvin; Lyle R. Monroe; Marshall Murray;
Robert B. Noble; Richard A. Nutting; Mrs. Thomas Payne; Catherine
Pemberton; Donald Rebal; Arlyne E. Reichert; Mrs. Mae Nan Robinson;
Richard B. Roeder; George W. Rollins; Miles Romney; Sterling Rygg;
Don Scanlin; John M. Schiltz; Henry Siderius; Clark E. Simon; Carman
M. Skari; M. Lynn Sparks; Lucile Speer; R. J. Studer, Sr.; Mrs. John
Justin (Veronica) Sullivan; William H. Swanberg; John H. Toole; Mrs.
Edith M. Van Buskirk; Robert Vermillion; Roger A. Wagner; Jack K.
Ward; Margaret S. Warden; Archie O. Wilson; Robert F. Woodmansey.